عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
due to the Given the ambiguities in Article 170 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran about the responsibility of the judges if they are guilty Appling the general rules of civil liability to judges actions is necessary, which does not match the dangers of their jobs. Advanced legal systems have not made public judiciary responsible for civil liability and have imposed absolute or binding restrictions. This paper, by comparing the legal systems of France and Iran, concludes that in French law, in addition to the judge, all persons involved in the completion of the judicial process have civil liability, and the absolute immunity of judges has not been accepted for compensation, while compensating for damages Methods are foreseen in the area of judges (under intentional or fault assumptions) or compensation by the government (in other cases).