عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Attention to the personality of criminals, living conditions and their social and cultural characteristics, in the process of responding to crimes, it's an approach that With the aim of individualizing the response to crimes considered in some criminal justice systems. And including its objective effects, the formation of a "personality case" in Iranian law and "pre-sentence report" in English law. The key question of this article focused on the similarity and differentiation aspect each of the two entities mentioned in the law of Iran and the United Kingdom and the result is that contrary to Iran's criminal rights which has focused on the formation of a personality case for some defendants at the very early stages of preliminary research, in UK Criminal Law only at the trial stage and after conviction and before the sentence is issued, "pre-sentence report". According to this report the judge can determine the punishment. This point considering the costs of the formation of a personality case in the preliminary research process imposes on the criminal justice system, becomes twofold.